Parenthetical II—Off Screen and Voiceover

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How do I indicate voiceover, or off screen dialog?

Parenthetical II—Off Screen and Voiceover

Characters need not be seen to speak dialog. If a character leaves the frame, then speaks in the same scene while off screen, insert “(os)” to the right of the character's name. When a character has not previously been visible in the scene in question, use “(vo)” to indicate voiceover.



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